It all starts with germination. Unfortunately, this essential phase of the plant life cycle does not receive adequate attention. It is as important as the vegetative and flowering phase, if not more! After all, if germination is unsuccessful, your potential plantation will not be able to go through any of the next steps. Some growers think that for germination it is sufficient to throw the seeds into a substrate and wait a few days to see the seedling sprout.
When it comes to germination, many growers often don’t take all the elements into consideration. Some provide water and darkness to the seed, but the earth is a single, large living organism, rich in beneficial bacteria that favor the development process. That’s why the Royal Queen Seeds Starters Kit differs from other germination methods (more information below).
WHAT IS GERMINATION EXACTLY?
Before examining these methods, let us try to better understand this process by closely observing the mechanisms of gemination. Each seed can be considered as a small container of genetic material, generated by the reproduction of the plant. These receptacles are designed to be distributed in the environment through various means, such as wind and ingestion / dejection by animals. With a little luck, the seed will be transported in an environment conducive to the germination process. The essential environmental factors are temperature, water and depth reached by the seed in the soil. Obviously, these parameters can be simulated and optimized by modern growers, to increase the probability of success.
Under ideal conditions, exposure to the active water of the enzymatic processes inside the seed, stimulating its growth. The beneficial bacteria present in the soil also favor the germination, development and photosynthesis of the plant. First of all, a taproot root emerges from the shell, which begins to penetrate deep into the ground in search of water. Shortly thereafter, the sprout emerges from the seed and is oriented in the opposite direction, towards the surface, to begin photosynthesis.
SEED VITALITY IS FUNDAMENTAL
If germination occurs so easily in nature, it will be just as easy to get it indoors, right? Certainly yes – as long as you can recreate ideal conditions. However, even if the environmental conditions are perfect, a non-viable seed will never sprout. Before trying to sprout a seed, it is advisable to subject it to rapid tests to evaluate its vitality rate, so as not to waste time and energy. Consult the various types of analysis here, such as visual examination and flotation. If the seed is viable and healthy, germination should take place within 12–36 hours.
CREATE AN IDEAL ENVIRONMENT
Another factor to take into consideration before sprouting the seed and creating a new plant is the environment to which they will be exposed. Try to keep the temperature between 22 and 25 ° C, with a humidity rate of 70–90%. These conditions can be achieved using a cultivation tent or a mini-greenhouse. You can turn on a humidifier to keep humidity levels constant, and a stove or fan to raise or lower the temperature. Check the humidity and temperature regularly with the help of a hygrometer.
HOW TO SPREAD CANNABIS SEEDS
After understanding how to locate healthy and viable seeds and creating an optimal environment, it’s time to germinate the seeds. You can choose from several procedures, all equally valid — if implemented correctly.